Pick the right location
Most plants require at least six hours of sunlight each day. However, sun-loving plants like tomatoes and peppers want as much light as possible. Some crops, such as lettuce and spinach, as well as other greens, can grow well in your slightly sunny regions.
Keep it close to home
Being close to your home will make it simpler for you to routinely tend to your plot and will make it more handy for you to go out and grab what you need for a dinner.
Water needs to be readily available
Nothing wears out a novice gardener more quickly than carrying water to thirsty plants in a heat wave. Spending money on a good sprayer-equipped hose or, even better, a drip watering system.
Good soil is the key to a successful garden
The soil provides nutrition, stability, and drainage for plants. Start with well-drained sandy loam and add as much organic matter as you can to it to produce your greatest garden.
Amend your soil
The sponge factor—the capacity of your soil to both drain efficiently and store moisture—will be improved by compost, leaf mould, or well-aged manure. Never use new manure, though! It will burn fragile plant roots and may contain harmful microorganisms. For at least six to twelve months, compost it.
Seeds or plants?
The majority of garden vegetables, including lettuce, beans, carrots, beets, chard, spinach, peas, cucumbers, and squash, may be directly sown where they will grow. Things that require more time to develop an edible fruit do better if they start early. Six to eight weeks prior to planting them outside, buy transplants of tomatoes, peppers, eggplant, and melons or start your own indoors.